Favelas Moved for World Cup and Olympics

By Samuel Elliott Novacich, Contributing Reporter

RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL – Few people dispute the fact that the face of Rio de Janeiro is changing, though an increasing number of individuals are quick to argue that many of the changes currently affecting the city are not as Utopian as they seem. On the brink of hosting two major sporting events, the 2014 World Cup and 2016 Olympic Games, Rio has recently drawn increased international attention, though not the type of focus the city was hoping to receive.

Ariel View of Vila Autódromo, a community planned for relocation, photo by Luiz Claudio.

Amnesty International recently joined the growing number of organizations to express concern for human rights as Rio de Janeiro carries forth large scale “urbanization” plans in preparation for the sporting events.

In many parts of Rio de Janeiro, roadworks projects, ranging from the Trans Carioca to the Trans Olimpica and parking, have been blamed for the planned as well as already executed forced removal of partial or entire communities. These communities, almost always on the economic bottom rung of Rio society, are generally located in the Zona Norte (North zone) and Zona Oeste (West zone).

Unfortunately, many communities find themselves in the direct path of development projects meant for the Olympics or World Cup. Salil Shetty, Secrety-General for Amnesty International, states, “Everyone understands perfectly well that some level of movement is inevitable with such an important project, but the question is knowing if a just and fair process is being followed.”

In the Zona Oeste, Vila Autódromo, a small community wedged between Rio de Janeiro’s Formula 1 racetrack and the site of Rock in Rio, has been threatened several times with removal. The community is located directly across from a tract of land the city has designated for construction of the Olympic Village.

Rio de Janeiro based Catalytic Communities, a local watchdog organization, has followed the case since its inception. The organization reports that Vila Autódromo even came so close as to have bulldozers present and ready to destroy homes until the media was alerted, at which point the bulldozers left.

Catalytic Communities Founder Theresa Williamson argues that full removal of the community is not a necessary prerequisite to development of the area, but states that the ultimate goal of her organization is to ensure effective participation of community residents in deciding their own fate.

Olympic Park Projection, photo courtesy of Agência Brasil.

One of the major critiques of urbanization projects is the relocation of residents to the suburbs, further from where many work. Williamson explains, “The Municipal Law (Lei Orgânica) requires that all relocations take place within a 7 kilometers area.  But across Rio we’re seeing the Olympics used as an excuse to disobey well-researched and important local legislation.”

Shetty reemphasizes the problem, reporting that “these people have ended up with houses located 50 kilometers from where they make a living, or with negligible compensation.”

Many residents who face eviction are being relocated to Cosmos, far in the Zona Oeste, where new developments are being built to accommodate large numbers of forced evictions.

In 2008, the Chinese government relocated some 1.5 million people to make way for the Olympics in Beijing. The move caused an outcry from human rights groups, though violations were quickly overshadowed by the games.

Though relocations in Rio de Janeiro do not come close to the scale of those in Beijing, the events leading up to the games will still be decisive in demonstrating Brazil’s regard for human rights as it prepares to put the city on global exhibition.

14 Responses to "Favelas Moved for World Cup and Olympics"

  1. Joao  May 13, 2011 at 7:32 PM

    How can you please human rights activists and do what is reasonable?
    Not an easy thing as these activists have never had to solve a real-life problem in their life and only see vicitms everywhere instead of the general good.

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  5. C. Vasilios W  July 3, 2011 at 1:43 PM

    I could not agree more with João. All these “advocates” where ever they maybe,seem to be “hell-bend” in defending real or perceived rights with extreme prejudice, at all costs, with no regard to the ramifications of their positions and actions. Yes, people with little or no means of support should and must have someone to aid them when they are faced with adversity. Nevertheless, such aid, advocacy, should be balanced, within reason and leave room for compromise and mutual understanding.

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  7. sestarks  October 4, 2011 at 12:04 AM

    Compromise and mutual understanding does not include moving people far from work. A compromise is moving them to a place within 7 km – the current local law. For the government to move them further than that is worsening an already terrible situation. Rio should be able to cater for events without worsening the plight of the people who have the least power to speak up. The increased revenue from those events will not help favela dwellers unless they are close enough to capitalize on the little that they can. The only people being helped here are the already rich.

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