RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - A study by Oxford University released in January pointed out that 81 countries - among them Brazil - were scenarios of "computational propaganda" and "industrialized disinformation" campaigns on political issues in 2020. These initiatives were promoted by government agencies and other institutional or private actors - companies, parties and digital influencers.
In the study, the country features "cyber troops" dedicated to attacking government opponents and increasing social polarization, among other goals. In its array of tools were fake news. These fake news, created to manipulate public opinion, were massified by social network bots.
"In the global disinformation industry, Brazil . . .