Brazil Averages 40,000 New HIV Cases Yearly, Different Subvirus Types Found in South Region

University survey details distribution of HIV subtypes in Brazil. The majority of research into antiretroviral agents and drug resistance has been performed on subtype B viruses, yet non-subtype B strains are responsible for 90 percent of global infections.

RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - Brazil had an average of 40,000 new cases of the disease in the past five years, with a higher concentration in the Southeast and South regions. In 2018, however, new infections were significantly higher at 53,000.

Understanding how the AIDS virus subtypes, HIV, act among Brazilians, is among the goals of a study developed by researchers from the Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar) and the University of Minho (UMinho), in Portugal.

Why is this research important? The diversity of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) has given rise to multiple subtypes . . .

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