RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - The wear and tear on the image of political parties in society is not a new phenomenon or exclusive to Brazil. In recent years, the rise of far right-wing candidates throughout the world, Brazil included, has heightened people's distrust of democratic institutions, particularly given the attacks promoted by presidents and other political players.
While it is true that there are challenges to the democratization of parties and major obstacles to a greater presence and representativeness of some groups, recognizing that parties have been and continue to be key factors for the operation and stability . . .