RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - According to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), this is an upturn from the decline observed three years ago. Between 2012 and 2015, the average annual growth was 1.2 percent.
The trajectory was interrupted in 2016 when there was a drop of one percent. In 2017, it remained stable, and in 2018, it increased slightly: 1.5 percent. Between 2012 and 2018, the increase was 4.6 . . .