RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - Bolivia began the 20th century with the defeat of several wars that ended with the loss of much of its territory - and its access to the sea - to Brazil and Chile. Between 1932 and 1935, in the Chaco War, Paraguay stripped Bolivia of another 450,000 square kilometers approximately.
As a result of the continental encirclement, the disastrous outcome of the confrontation with Paraguay and the semi-feudal conditions for the peasants and workers in the tin mines, the country's main product after the silver of colonial times, the Bolivian people were discontented. Political instability . . .