RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL – The requirement works as follows: only people vaccinated against Covid-19 are allowed access to certain establishments upon presenting proof of vaccination.
WHAT IS THE VACCINE PASSPORT?
By law, municipalities can introduce restrictive measures following their public health realities. Thus, several cities in Brazil have implemented the vaccine passport.
According to the National Confederation of Municipalities (CNM), at least 211 locations have enacted this rule. Among the Brazilian capitals, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro stand out.
The São Paulo city hall has decreed that shows, trade shows, conferences, and games (soccer, volleyball) can only be accessed by people who have been vaccinated. The measure applies to events with over 500 people.
Moreover, access is allowed to people with only the first vaccine dose. The document required is the digital proof of vaccination. The issuer is the federal Conecte SUS app or the e-SaúdeSP, created by the city of São Paulo.
Finally, anyone in the city who wishes to attend events may also present a physical document—for instance, a vaccination certificate or card.
RIO DE JANEIRO
A decree published in Rio de Janeiro in late August requires the presentation of proof of vaccination. Several venues are bound to demand this, for swimming pools, tourist attractions, museums, gyms, movie theaters, and theaters.
The following are accepted: a digital vaccination card from Conecte SUS, a vaccination booklet, or a physical official certificate from Rio’s Municipal Health Secretariat (SMS).
In addition, the city determines that the current vaccination calendar must be considered. Therefore, people who are eligible to take the two doses must prove they have taken the second.
The capital of Minas Gerais is not expected to implement the mandatory vaccination passport. Although other nearby cities have taken similar measures, Belo Horizonte should not require it, according to Health Secretary Jackson Machado Pinto, in a press conference on September 23.
The Brazilian capital has been implementing the measure since July this year. It was there that the public was first allowed to watch a soccer match in Brazil. However, only people with a negative RT-PCR test or complete vaccination (two doses or Janssen’s single dose).
The Federal District government is studying the development of a cell phone app, which would work as a vaccine passport. Thus, it would be a unification of the federal platform with other data sources.
On September 10, the Ceará government announced that the Covid-19 vaccine passport was under discussion. However, no measures have so far been announced in this respect. Nevertheless, the requirement for testing or complete vaccination is now in place for travelers.
People in Salvador are required to present proof of vaccination. This can be done through an app developed by the city hall. The use of this platform is mandatory to access events, restaurants, and establishments in the capital of Bahia.
Since September 20, the capital of Tocantins has required the presentation of proof of vaccination against Covid-19. Therefore, the population will need to prove immunity to access events in public or private environments. In addition, the maximum number of people present in events without the requirement is 200.
Manaus has begun to require the presentation of a vaccination card with at least the first dose of the Covid-19 vaccine since October 1. If vaccinated, people may access bars, restaurants, and cultural venues. Furthermore, a similar rule is in force in the whole state of Amazonas.
Finally, among the capitals, the city of Porto Velho in Rondônia announced in early September that the population would need a passport. Therefore, residents of the capital are required to present proof of vaccination against Covid-19. Events with 100 people or more are also subject to this requirement.
In the capital of Pernambuco, the implementation is still under debate. If passed, the city may create a list of exclusive destinations for immunized people. It is worth noting that the archipelago of Fernando de Noronha, part of the same state, has already implemented this.
The Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, city hall is discussing the issue in a public hearing. A proposal submitted by the city councilors aims to introduce the passport for people who have taken the two doses (or the single shot) in places of large circulation. Artistic, cultural, sports, public or private venues would be affected.
Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, city councilors have again discussed the proposal. However, the city hall has not yet officially decided on the matter.
In Curitiba, Paraná, members of the city hall’s Constitution and Justice Committee (CCJ) decided, by majority vote, to reject the passport bill. Thus, so far, the city has no demands regarding creating a certificate of immunization against Covid-19.
Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Mayor Gean Loureiro said that he would require proof of vaccination to access bars and events in general. However, the proposal has not been officially announced to date. The decision would be made once the vaccine calendar reaches all age groups. This statement led to increased demand for immunizers by the population.
OTHER BRAZILIAN CITIES REQUIRING THE PASSPORT:
Ponta Grossa (PR)