Opinion, by Michael Royster
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL – Yesterday, December 13th, was the 46th anniversary of the promulgation by the Brazilian military of AI-5. A is for “Ato” and I is for “Institucional”. AI-5 was the Act that Instituted the worst years of the military dictatorship. All basic constitutional guarantees were suspended, including freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, and habeas corpus.
The Executive Branch could (and did) assume full legislative powers, and its actions were not subject to Judicial scrutiny. The Executive Branch could (and did) determine that legislators be banned from serving for up to ten . . .