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By Jay Forte, Contributing Reporter

RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL - A recent report came to light last week (December 4th) stating that of the estimated 1,001 favela communities in Rio, nearly half are being controlled by illegal militia gangs - organized crime rings typically composed of current or ex-police. Five years after the UPP (Police Pacification Unit) program launched, the study illustrated how much further there is to go to achieve peace in the city's most violent communities.

The study draws from the 2010 Census by IBGE to define the number of favelas in Rio, which also lists that . . .

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