By Lise Alves, Senior Contributing Reporter

RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL – It has been ten years since the public security program that gave rise to the Unidade de Policia Pacificadora (Pacifying Police Unit), or just plain UPP, began operating in some of Rio’s largest favela communities.

The UPPs were the promise of a safer, more inclusive life in one of Brazil’s largest cities, but for many the units just brought more violence.

“The UPP has failed massively. Broken promises and increased violence is not a success in the eyes of the favelas,” says English expatriate Jody King.

King arrived . . .

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