By Lucy Jordan, Senior Contributing Reporter

BRASÍLIA, BRAZIL – Brazilian working mothers earned, on average, eleven percent less than women without children in 2009, according to new research. The ‘motherhood penalty,’ as sociologists call it, has increased considerably in recent years: in 1992 working mothers earned four percent less than their childless peers.

The unpublished research, seen by The Rio Times, also points to a significant wage increase when motherhood is postponed. In 2009 women who had their first child between 25 and 34 years of age earned on average R$8 an hour, while women who first gave birth . . .

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